Considerations in the Design of Vicarious Learning Environments


  • Douglas L. Micklich


A majority, if not all, research on experiential learning in the ABSEL literature has focused its efforts on direct experiential learning (learning by doing) or DEL. Questions have since risen as to why vicarious experiential learning (learning by observing) or VEL has not been considered or even investigated as to whether it even takes place. A look at the ABSEL literature tells us that a general failure to include for it into the design of our exercises may be the cause. This article looks at some of the underpinnings and theory of VEL and offers a suggestion on how it can be designed into the experiential exercise. The information contained herein is only the tip of the iceberg on vicarious experiential learning and should serve as a springboard toward future research.